JSOU PUBLICATIONS

These new JSOU Press publications are available electronically from the JSOU Public website, https://jsou.socom.mil in the 2014 publications section. They are also available in the JSOU Library Management System, https://jsou.libguides.com/jsoupublications.




Counterinsurgency in Somalia: Lessons Learned from the African Union Mission in Somalia, 2007–2013
by Bronwyn E. Bruton and Paul D. Williams
Issue Date: September 2014

Bronwyn Bruton and Paul Williams bring their expertise in governance, conflict mitigation, and African affairs to this analysis of Somalia's attempts to establish security and build state institutions while facing the Harakat al-Shabaab insurgency. By every measure of state effectiveness—income generation and distribution, execution of the rule of law, and ability to provide basic human security—Somalia has little or no capability. The authors address the roots of Somalia's long-running conflict and examine the often conflicting motivations of the large range of actors—local, national, regional, and international. This context is essential for understanding the evolution and persistence of Harakat al-Shabaab. With its links to al Qaeda, Harakat al-Shabaab remains a security challenge for the entire Horn of Africa. While the Africa Union Mission in Somalia's (AMISOM) goal was to protect Somalia's weak transitional national government and stabilize the security environment, its mission went well beyond traditional peacekeeping to include warfighting, counterinsurgency operations, and humanitarian assistance. The AMISOM approach may come to characterize future operations in this region.

 

 




Village Stability Operations and the Afghan Local Police
by Mark Moyar
Issue Date: September 2014

In this monograph, Dr. Moyar outlines the history of the Village Stability Operations (VSO) program and its Afghan partner program, the Afghan Local Police (ALP). These programs are critical, first of all, because they epitomize the "indirect approach" to special operations. They also are crucial for Special Operations Forces (SOF), particularly Unites States Special Operations Forces, because of their sheer magnitude. From 2010 to 2013, the US government dedicated a large fraction of total USSOF strength to VSO in Afghanistan. Based on extensive research within Afghanistan, Dr. Moyar covers VSO and ALP from their inception through the end of VSO and the transition of the ALP to complete Afghan control. In addition, Dr. Moyar describes the challenges encountered in transitioning the ALP to Afghan control and their implications for the transition of future SOF programs. Dr. Moyar concludes that VSO and ALP demonstrated the ability of SOF to advance US interests through participation in community mobilization, counterinsurgency, and capacity building.

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