CTX Journal Vol. 5, No. 3
About the Contributors
Dr. John Arquilla is a professor and the chair of the Department of Defense Analysis (DA) at the US Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). His research interests extend from explorations of the history of irregular warfare to studies of the complex strategic implications of the information revolution. His most recent books include Worst Enemy (Ivan R. Dee, 2008), Insurgents, Raiders, and Bandits (Ivan R. Dee, 2011), and, with Hy Rothstein, Afghan Endgames (Georgetown University Press, 2012). Dr. Arquilla has acted as a consultant to military commanders in conflicts ranging from Operation Desert Storm to the Kosovo War and the Afghan campaign. His research currently focuses on the need for nations to develop networks of their own to combat terrorists and armed insurgents.
Dr. Leo Blanken is an associate professor in the DA department at NPS. His recent work includes a book on imperialism entitled Rational Empires: Institutional Incentives and Imperial Expansion (University of Chicago Press, 2012) and a co-edited volume on wartime metrics, Assessing War: The Challenge of Measuring Success and Failure (Georgetown University Press, 2015). He has also published articles on military intelligence, strategy, and force planning.
Dr. Judith L. Bronstein is University Distinguished Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, with a joint appointment in the Department of Entomology, at the University of Arizona. She has published over 100 papers, many of which focus on the functioning of cooperative interactions in nature. With Matthew Mars, she is currently extending these concepts to explore educational "ecosystems" in the state of Arizona. She is currently editor-in-chief of The American Naturalist, a leading international journal in ecology and evolution, and advisory editor for Oxford Bibliographies in Ecology. She received the Distinguished Service Award from the National Science Foundation in 2008.
Dr. Scott Sigmund Gartner is the director of the School of International Affairs at Pennsylvania State University, where he is a professor of international affairs and an affiliate professor in the Law School and the Department of Political Science. His research has been published in such journals as American Political Science Review, the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Small Wars Journal, and American Sociological Review; his latest book (with Gary Segura), Calculating War: The Public and a Theory of Conflict, is forthcoming in 2016 from Cambridge University Press. Dr. Gartner currently serves as the senior advisor for Net Assessment of Violent Non-State Actors Supporting a US Government Agency. He is a recipient of the Jefferson Award for best government resource and the Lasswell Award for best policy thesis. His current research interests include strategic and net assessment, suicide in the military, international dispute resolution, and the role of wartime information on public opinion and elite decision making.
Dr. Carl W. Hunt is the owner and chief scientist of Pioneer Cyberspace Strategies, LLC. He is currently serving as the research director for the Net Assessment branch of the National Counterterrorism Center's (NCTC) Directorate of Strategic and Operational Planning. Dr. Hunt's current research areas include the development and application of agent-based modeling techniques to counterterrorism and cyberspace operations problems. He served 30 years in the US Army both as a military policeman and as an information systems technology officer, retiring from active duty service with the rank of colonel. Dr. Hunt holds a PhD in information technology from George Mason University and is a graduate of the United States National War College.
Dr. Dennis Jett is a professor in the School of International Affairs at Pennsylvania State University. He previously served 28 years in the US State Department in a wide range of positions, including ambassador to Peru and Mozambique and senior director for African Affairs on the National Security Council. From 2000 to 2008, he was dean of the International Center at the University of Florida. He has a PhD in international relations from the University of the Witwatersrand and is the author of three books published by Palgrave Macmillan: Why Peacekeeping Fails (2000), Why American Foreign Policy Fails: Unsafe at Home and Despised Abroad (2008), and American Ambassadors: The Past, Present, and Future of America's Diplomats (2014). Dr. Jett is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the American Academy of Diplomacy.
Dr. Melvin J. Konner teaches anthropology and behavioral biology at Emory University. His MD and PhD are from Harvard, where he also taught. He did field research for two years among !Kung San (Bushman) hunter-gatherers of the Kalahari in Botswana. His 11 books include The Tangled Wing: Biological Constraints on the Human Spirit (Henry Holt, rev. ed. 2002), The Evolution of Childhood: Relationships, Emotion, Mind (Belknap Press, 2011), and most recently, Women After All: Sex, Evolution, and the End of Male Supremacy (W.W. Norton, 2015). He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and has written for Nature, Science, The New England Journal of Medicine, The New York Review of Books, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, and many other publications.
Dr. Lawrence A. Kuznar is a professor of anthropology at Indiana University–Purdue University Fort Wayne. He conducts anthropological research relevant to counterterrorism and other areas of national security. He has developed computational models of genocide in Darfur and tribal factionalism in New Guinea, mathematical models of inequality and conflict, and integrated sociocultural databases for predicting illicit nuclear trade and bioterrorism. Dr. Kuznar has conducted discourse analysis of the expression of conflict and enmity in Arabic, Farsi, and Pashto to identify leading indicators of conflict. His recent research has been funded by academic sources and a number of US government agencies. He currently serves on a panel for NCTC net assessment.
Dr. Jason Lepore is an associate professor in the Department of Economics of California Polytechnic State University. He is a co-editor (with Leo Blanken and Hy Rothstein) of a volume on wartime metrics entitled Assessing War: The Challenge of Measuring Success and Failure (Georgetown University Press, 2015). He has also published various articles on technology diffusion, force planning, and performance measurement in war.
George Lober guides US and international military students through the tricky terrain of ethics and critical thinking at NPS. He earned his BA and MA in English from the California State University system and has published in the journals Eclectic Literary Forum and Red Wheelbarrow. Lober became interested in the study of ethics in 1998 through a reacquaintance with both philosophy and critical thinking, and joined the faculty of NPS in 1999.
Dr. Matthew M. Mars is an assistant professor of Agricultural Leadership and Innovation at the University of Arizona, where he also earned his doctoral degree in higher education in 2006. His research focuses on the emergence and diffusion of social innovation across a range of environments, most recently with regard to the entrepreneurial underpinnings of local and regional food systems. With Judith Bronstein, he is currently exploring educational "ecosystems" in the state of Arizona through a framework guided by concepts linked to cooperative interactions in nature. Dr. Mars's research is largely interdisciplinary and has appeared in journals such as the Journal of Higher Education, Minerva, and Organizational Dynamics.
Dr. James A. Piazza is an associate professor of political science at Pennsylvania State University. His research uses quantitative data and analysis to explore the causes and consequences of global terrorism. His earlier published research examined the impact of economic development, democratization, human rights, state failure, radical Islam, ethnic conflict, the global narcotics trade, and military interventions on terrorism. Dr. Piazza is currently collaborating on a Department of Defense–funded study on natural resource wealth and internal armed conflict.
Captain Caleb Slayton is an active duty officer in the US Air Force, where he serves as the director of the AFRICOM theater course for Special Operations Forces at the US Air Force Special Operations School, Hurlburt Field. He earned a master's degree in Middle East and Africa Security Studies from NPS and graduated with honors in Arabic from the Defense Language Institute. Capt Slayton lived for 10 years in various regions of Africa and completed study immersions in Cameroon and Tunisia. Capt Slayton writes on African security issues, religious dynamics, and military operational culture in Africa.
Dr. Patricia L. Sullivan is an associate professor of Public Policy and of Peace, War, and Defense at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She earned her PhD in political science from the University of California, Davis in 2004. Dr. Sullivan's research focuses on the utility and limitations of deploying military force and providing foreign military assistance to attain policy objectives. She was recently named a 2015 Andrew Carnegie Fellow. Her research has been published in numerous academic journals, and she is the author of Who Wins? Predicting Strategic Success and Failure in Armed Conflict (Oxford University Press, 2012). Dr. Sullivan's work has attracted funding and recognition from the National Science Foundation, the Peace Science Society (International), and the Office of Naval Research, among others.
Captain Todd G. Veazie, US Navy, is assigned to the NCTC, where he leads a team exploring the future of terrorism and producing counterterrorism diagnostic net assessments. CAPT Veazie is a career Naval Special Warfare SEAL officer and has served in East and West Coast SEAL Teams. He has led Naval Special Warfare formations in over 50 countries around the globe. Command tours include SEAL Team 7 in San Diego and Naval Special Warfare Unit 3 in Bahrain, as well as duty as Commodore, Naval Special Warfare Group 4 in Virginia Beach. His numerous staff assignments include the Executive Director of Joining Forces in the Office of the First Lady at the White House; personnel policy at the Bureau of Naval Personnel; the Assistant Chief of Staff for Resources, Requirements, and Assessments for the Commander, Naval Special Warfare Command; and in the Operations Directorate (J3) on the Joint Staff at the Pentagon. Decorations include the Legion of Merit (3), the Bronze Star, Defense Meritorious Service Medal (2), Meritorious Service Medal (3), and various other awards.
Dr. Michael Vlahos is a professor at Johns Hopkins University's Advanced Academic Programs and Centro Estudios Superiores Navales, Armada Mexicana, and a strategic adviser to Kiernan Group Holdings. Since 1980, he has taught in graduate degree programs at the School for Advanced International Studies, the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory, and the US Naval War College Strategy and Policy Department. Author of 10 books and monographs, over 100 articles, and many commentaries, he was national security commentator for CNN through the 1980s, and his articles currently appear in The Huffington Post, The Globalist, The National Interest, and the Library of Social Science. Dr. Vlahos writes and teaches a blend of both history and anthropology, outlined in his book, Fighting Identity: Sacred War and World Change (Praeger, 2008).